TABLE 2. STATUS OF RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES: CHARACTERISTICS AND COSTS

Source: REN21: Renewables 2015 Global Status Report


TECHNOLOGY

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS

CAPITAL COSTS

TYPICAL ENERGY COSTS

USD / kW

Bio-power

from solid biomass (including co-firing and organic MSW)

Plant size: 0.5200 MW 

Conversion efficiency: 2535% 

Capacity factor: 2595%

8004,500 (Global) 

Co-fire:

200800 (Global) 

Up to 1,000 (China and India)

322 (Global) 

Co-fire: 

412 (Global) 

14 (Europe) 

56 (China)

Bio-power

from gasification




Bio-power

from anaerobic digestion




Geothermal power




Hydropower:

Grid-based




Ocean power: Tidal range




Solar PV: Rooftop

Peak capacity: 

35 kW (residential); 

100 kW (commercial); 

500 kW (industrial) 

Capacity factor: 1025% (fixed tilt)

Residential costs: 

2,200 (Germany); 

3,5007,000 (United States); 

4,260 (Japan); 

2,150 (China); 

3,380 (Australia); 

2,4003,000 (Italy) 


Commercial costs:

3,800 (United States); 

2,9003,800 (Japan)

2144 (OECD) 

2855 (non-OECD) 

1638 (Europe)

Solar PV: Ground-mounted utility-scale

Peak capacity: 

>1250+ MW 

Capacity factor: 1025% (fixed tilt)

1,2003,000 (Global)

Weighted capital costs (2014): 

1,670 China), 

2,710 (Japan) 

1,495 (Germany) 

2,080 (United Kingdom) 

2,218 (United States)


Concentrating PV (CPV): 1,4802,330 (10 MW)

1038 (OECD) 

740 (non-OECD) 

1434 (Europe) 

11 (China) 

25 (Japan) 

11 (United States)


Concentrator PV (CPV): 1015

Concentrating solar thermal power (CSP)

Types: parabolic trough, tower, dish

Plant size: 

50250 MW (trough) 

20250 MW (tower) 

10100 MW (Fresnel)

Capacity factor: 

2035% (no storage) 

3580% (with storage)

Trough, no storage: 

5,0007,000 (OECD) 

3,1004,050 (non-OECD)


Trough, 6 hours storage:

6,0008,000


Tower: 6,000 (United States, without storage); 

9,000 (United States, with storage)

Trough and Fresnel: 

1938 (no storage); 

1737 (6 hours storage)


Tower: 

12.516.4 (United States; high end of range is with storage)

Wind: Onshore

Turbine size: 1.53.5 MW 

Capacity factor: 2050%

9251,470 (India) 

6601,290 (China) 

2,30010,000 (United States) 

5,873 (United Kingdom)

416 (Global)

67 (Asia, Eurasia, North America)

510 (Central and South America)

Wind: Onshore small-scale

Turbine size: up to 100 kW

Average: 

0.85 kW (global) 

0.5 kW (China) 

1.4 kW (United States) 

4.7 kW (United Kingdom)

2,30010,000 (United States) 

1,900 (China) 

5,870 (United Kingdom)

1520 (United States)

Wind: Offshore

Turbine size: 

1.57.5 MW 

Capacity factor: 3545%

4,5005,500 (Global) 

2,2506,250 (OECD)

1523 (Global)

 

Notation: 

empty field: for content see TABLE 2. STATUS OF RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES: CHARACTERISTICS AND COSTS p 75 of REN21: Renewables 2015 Global Status Report


Version: 8 June 2016

Address of this page

Home

Joachim Gruber