|Iraqi Missile Abstracts: 1997|
html-editing added by Joachim Gruber
Iraq Threatens To Ban Weapons Inspections
|USA Today, 10/16/97 [Online] http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/nnws2.htm|
|A UN official said on 10/16/97 that Iraq
had threatened to ban UN weapons inspections and cut off all cooperation
with the Security Council if further sanctions are imposed. UN officials
said that Iraq appears "more upset than expected" over a report by UN chief
weapons inspector Richard Butler. The report states that Iraq has made
progress in some areas, but also identifies problems that Butler called
"numerous and grave." The report also accuses Iraq of hiding information
on ballistic missiles.
 Barbara Crossette, New York Times, "Iraq
Warns UN On Weapons Inspections," [Online] http://www.nytimes.com/97/10/16/news/world/iraq-
Saddam In Secret UK Arms Offensive
|Sunday Times, 1/19/97, by David Leppard, Tim Kelsey, and Jason Burke, [Online] http//:www.sunday-times.co.uk/newsY-Times/ stinwenws01026.html?1325379|
|In 1/97, the UK's Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) said Iraq
was covertly trying to purchase British machines which could be used in
the manufacture of Scud missiles. Machine makers in London, Southampton,
and Birmingham have received suspicious orders for machines and parts,
which they reported to the DTI. UNSCOM confirmed that it has evidence Iraq
has been placing orders through middlemen to procure equipment, technology,
and supplies for its missile-related activities.
Suspicion arose when western businessmen said they had seen operational Iraqi weapon plants and documents related to the development of Scud missiles. These observers reported that British machines in the Badr missile production plant were still operating, that these machines had been used in the past for gas centrifuge production, and that Iraq would be able to begin manufacturing Scuds within a month. The report said Iraqis had given comprehensive "shopping lists" to western businessmen, detailing the items needed to upgrade and repair Matrix Churchill System 10 lathes (used in the manufacture of fuzes), among other items.
Iraq explained that these acquisitions were for the Ababil-100, which is a 100 to 150 km-range SSM development program, permissible under UN regulations. However, Rolf Ekeus, chairman of UNSCOM, pointed to Iraqi efforts to obtain gyroscopes as clear evidence that Iraq is not solely interested in shorter-range missiles.
Ekeus has otherwise downplayed the importance of press reports that Iraq is developing long-range missiles. On 1/24/97, Ekeus said that as long as the UN monitoring system was in place, Iraq would not be capable of manufacturing long-range missiles, but he noted that if the monitoring system was weakened, the revival of Iraq's chemical and biological weapon programs "would become a serious matter." He said that UNSCOM was confident that Iraq was not currently producing long-range missiles, nor capable of doing so.
 Jules Kagian, Middle East International, 1/10/97, p. 13, "Iraq's
Hidden Missiles."  David Leppard, Tim Kelsey, and Jason Burke, "Saddam's
Deadly Sting," Sunday Times, [Online] http//:www.sunday-times.co.uk/newsY-Times/
stifocnws02002.html?1325379, 1/19/97.  Raghidah Dirgham, Al-Hayah (London),
1/24/97, p. 1, 6; in FBIS-NES-97-016, 1/24/97, "Iraq:
Ekeus Doubts Iraq's Ability To Develop Long-Range Missiles."
Iraq Says Missile Dig Will Prove It Has No `Scuds'
|Jane's Defence Weekly, 1/22/97, p. 5, by Ed Blanche|
|On 1/13/97, a statement released by the Iraqi
foreign ministry said that four dismantled missile engines and an undisclosed
number of "wrecked missiles" had been discovered at an excavation site
near Baghdad. According to the statement, the discovery confirms Baghdad's
claim that all of Iraq's prohibited missiles have been destroyed.
On 1/28/97, Roger Knight, assistant director of the UN's Ongoing Monitoring and Verification Center (OMV) in Baghdad, said UNSCOM is skeptical that Iraq has destroyed all of its banned missiles. Knight said the discovery will not resolve all of UNSCOM's concerns, and the significance of the find will not become clear until an international team of experts analyzes the missile parts. UNSCOM spokesman Ewen Buchanan said the discovery narrowed the gap between the information Baghdad has already provided and what UN inspectors have been able to verify.
On 1/25/97, a 10-expert UN team under the leadership of Michael Bordin left Iraq after three weeks of supervising excavations at sites where Baghdad said it had destroyed and buried a large number of long-range missiles. UNSCOM and Baghdad disagree over where and how to analyze the more than 100 missile parts that have been extracted from other sites near Baghdad. Approximately 80 of these parts are stored in boxes ready for shipment abroad. The remaining components and the four engines are stored in warehouses under tight UN supervision. While UNSCOM insists that the items be analyzed in the US, Iraq wants them shipped to Russia or France for analysis. UNSCOM wants to determine if the missile parts excavated in 1996 were substitutes for the original Scud missile engines which Iraq imported from the Soviet Union. According to Knight, UNSCOM Chief Rolf Ekeus is scheduled to visit Baghdad by mid-2/97 to resolve the current disagreement.
 Leon Barkho, Reuter (Baghdad), 1/28/97; in Executive news Service,
1/29/97, UN Still Not Satisfied With Iraqi
Disarmament."  Hassan Hafidh, Reuter, 1/12/97; in Executive News Service,
1/14/97, "UN Says Iraq Digs Up New
Items At Missile Sites."
US Dampens Speculation On Iraq Attack
|Executive News Service, 2/5/97
Reuter, 2/4/97, by Charles Aldinger
|The German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine reported that, according
to American sources, a team of UNSCOM inspectors in Iraq
from 1/5/97 to 1/23/97 discovered new evidence that Iraq was continuing
to develop missiles with a range of approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km).
On 1/29/97, UNSCOM Chief Rolf Ekeus told the Washington Institute for Near East Policy that weakly worded statements issued by the UN Security Council have encouraged Baghdad to obstruct the commission's work in Iraq. Ekeus said Iraq had become even more uncooperative since the Security Council reprimanded Baghdad on 12/30/96 for refusing to allow more than 100 missile engines to be taken abroad for expert analysis. According to Ekeus, the Security Council reminded Iraq about its obligations as if Baghdad had forgotten to pay a dentist's bill. Ekeus said he detected "an overall complacency" in the Security Council that "fundamentally the situation in Iraq is under control."
 Reuter, 1/29/97; in Executive News Service, 1/29/97, "UN Weakness
Encourages Iraq, Ekeus Says."
Iraqi Missile Parts Arrive In US For Tests
|Arms Control Today, 3/97, p. 29|
|On 3/8/97 and 3/9/97, parts from approximately 130 destroyed Iraqi
missiles were shipped from Iraq through Bahrain to the United States for
analysis. The parts were shipped to a US Department of Defense laboratory
in Huntsville, Alabama, to determine if they came from functional Soviet-made
systems, and if critical components which Iraq is unable to produce were
removed before the missiles were destroyed.
According to the German newspaper Bild, 16 German companies are currently under investigation on suspicion of supplying Iraq with Scud missile components and nuclear technology. The newspaper quoted a confidential government report on illegal exports to Iraq which was presented to a parliamentary committee.
 Washington Times, 5/4/97, p. A7, "German Firms Linked To Iraqi
Weapons Sales."  Washington Times, 3/9/97, p. A9, "Iraqi Missile Parts
Shipped To US."  Ed Blanche, Jane's Defence Weekly, 3/5/97, p. 16, "Iraq
To Ship Scrap Missile Motors For UN Analysis."  Thalif Deen, Jane's
Defence Weekly, 3/19/97, p. 5, "USA Accuses Saddam Of Stalling On `Scud'
Motors."  Washington Times, 2/24/97, p. A13, "Iraq Backs Down In Missile
Australian Takes Over As Iraq Watchdog
|Cable News Network, 5/1/97, [Online] http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9705/01/un.iraq/|
|On 5/1/97, Richard Butler, Australia's ambassador to the United Nations,
was appointed chairman of the UN Special Commission on Iraq
(UNSCOM). At a press conference in New York, departing UNSCOM Chairman
Rolf Ekeus said that significant items remain unaccounted for in Iraq.
Ekeus said he believes that Saddam Hussein wants to keep some of Iraq's
banned weapons such as long-range Scud missiles. Nizar Hamdoon, Iraq's
ambassador to the United Nations, said Iraq hopes that Butler "will expedite
the work and try in the shortest time possible to close all files." On
5/1/97, the UN Security Council announced a 60-day continuation of economic
sanctions on Iraq.
Iraq: IBC Cited On "Strategic Projects," "Military Capability"
Iraqi National Congress WWW [Online] 9/10/97
|An Iraqi Broadcast Corporation
(IBC) correspondent in Baghdad reports that Iraq's Military Industrialization
Organization (MIO) is involved in several strategic projects. The projects
include an "anti-missile unit", operating since 1992, that can track more
than one missile at a time. The system is being developed to counter cruise
missiles. Another project is pursuing modification of surface-to-air missiles
into surface-to-surface missiles. This project is centered at the al-Karmah
facility near Baghdad. There is also a project to improve the Russian-
made "Volga" [NATO designation SA-5] missile. This project, based at the
al-Harith facility in Baghdad, is working to replace analog controls with
Russian Study Reportedly Proves Arms Deals With Iraq
Stern (Hamburg). 9/18/97
|The Russian town of Sergeyev Posad is the home of the "Scientific Research
Institute for Chemical Machine-Building," a disarmament facility for dismantling
SSN-18 long-range ballistic missiles. However, evidence exists that components
removed at the facility have ended up in other countries. When a 1995 UN-sponsored
weapons inspection in Iraq retrieved
30 missile gyroscopes from the Tigris River, investigations established
that there was a Russian connection with the Iraqi missile program. An
unpublished report by Moscow's Institute for Political Studies describes
the connection. According to institute head Vladimir Orlov, "We are 100
percent certain that the gyroscopes came from Sergeyev Posad." Prime Minister
Viktor Chernomyrdin said of this information, "I do not intend to comment
on such stupid reports."
Iraq Gains Russian Missile-Guidance System
|Flight International,09/30/97, p. 8|
|United Nations inspectors in Iraq
were prevented from entering two compounds near Baghdad on 9/13/97. While
they were being detained, inspectors saw trucks, which may have contained
secret documents, leaving the compounds. During a previous inspection,
in 6/97, similar Iraqi attempts to bar inspectors from sites they had chosen
resulted in a UN threat to impose further sanctions.
Doc. Code : 7687
Middle Eastern security sources said that Iraq
has obtained guidance technology from the Russian RSM-50 (SS-N-18, Stingray)
submarine-launched ballistic missile. Iraq acquired the technology to develop
intermediate-range ballistic missiles. The RSM-50s are being destroyed
under the terms of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty I (START).
Loopholes Let Military 'Salvage' Into Iraq
by Mariya Samuilovna, Moscow Nezavisimoye Voyennooye Obozreniye
|On 9/12/95, divers employed by the UN Special Commission on Iraq
(UNSCOM), recovered gyroscopes from the bed of the Tigris River near Baghdad.
Estimates range from nine to 115-120 gyroscopes.
In February 1996, UNSCOM chairman Rolf Ekeus arrived in Moscow for talks at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After the talks, the Russian government agreed the "Iraqi gyroscopes" were Russian but insisted that the Russian government had no knowledge of the transaction.
Experts questioned why Iraq needed Russian gyroscopes, since Iraq is unable to use the gyroscopes, which had been re-cycled from Russian SLBMs by a Lebanese businessman, in their Scuds and shorter-range missiles. Ekeus said Iraq intended to use the Russian gyroscopes "for methodological and training purposes."
UNSCOM, along with US specialists, concluded that Iraq
is attempting to acquire guidance systems in order to manufacture its own
long-range missiles independently.
"PA Hiding Saddam's Arms Secrets"
|The Jerusalem Post, 11/6/97, by Jay Bushinsky [Online] http://www.jpost.co.il/News/Article-0.html|
|Members of the "Iraqi opposition"
said on 11/5/97 that the Palestine Authority's embassy in Baghdad was being
used to hide documents related to Iraq's buildup of weapons of mass destruction
(WMD). Opposition sources said that diplomatic immunity at the embassy
prevented UN arms inspectors from having access to the material. A "senior
figure" in the opposition movement said the documents deal with the purchase
of raw material to be used in Iraq's WMD program, and that his knowledge
came from "sources inside Iraqi intelligence."
 Christopher Walker, The Times (London), 11/7/97 [Online] http://www.Sunday-times.co.uk/news./11/07/timfgnmid01001.html?1074973,
"Iraqi Papers `Kept In Arafat Embassy.'"
Iraqis May Be Acting To Avoid Surveillance
|Washington Post, 11/6/97, by John M. Goshko [Online] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-s.te/1997-11/06/1471-110697- idx.html|
|UNSCOM chief Richard Butler said on 11/5/97 that Iraq
may be using the break in UN inspections to move equipment that could be
used to manufacture missiles out of range of cameras set up to monitor
the equipment. According to a report Butler filed with the UN Security
Council, Iraqi officials appear to have moved "significant pieces of dual-capable
equipment, subject to monitoring by the commission's remote camera monitoring
system, out of view of the cameras." That equipment includes balancing
equipment used to balance precision gyroscopes that could be used in ballistic
missiles. Moving the equipment "without prior notification is prohibited
under the commission's monitoring plan and the equipment concerned is subject
to continuous camera monitoring, precisely because of its easy adaptation
of prohibited activities." said Butler. The report states that some cameras
appear to have been tampered with, lenses covered, and lighting turned
off in areas subject to camera monitoring.
If inspections were to resume immediately, inspectors would still need to reset security cameras, and recheck the machines or stocks they watch, according to Butler's report. In the meantime, inspectors would be unsure whether equipment had been used to produce prohibited arms or components, and then "carted away to hiding places."
 Barbara Crossette, "UN Told Iraq
Is Tampering With Arms-Monitoring Effort," New York Times [Online] http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/world/iraq-us.html,
After 7 Years Of Evasion, Iraq Has Tons Of Illicit Arms
|New York Times International, by Tim Weiner, 11/11/97, [Online] http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/world/iraq-un-recap.html|
|United States officials said that if political and economic sanctions
are lifted, the Iraqi President, Saddam
Hussein could manufacture destructive arsenal independently. Officials
added that Hussein could produce this arsenal with the material and expertise
that has been concealed from weapons inspectors for the last seven years.
Gary Milhollin, a private analyst of weapons proliferation, said, "Hussein's production capability has been put on hold" since the gulf war. "But his research effort has gone forward. We have to assume his scientists have progressed in understanding how to make better weapons of mass destruction."
US Defense Secretary William Cohen said that ever since the Gulf war, Iraq "has continued to try to develop chemical and biological weapons, and possibly even acquire nuclear materials," while "playing a hide and seek game" with the United Nations inspectors.
The Iraqis presented to the United
Nations last month a declaration of "full, final and complete disclosure"
of the biological warfare program. The United Nations said," the report
fails to give a remotely credible account" of the program.